Enhanced Electricity Generation by Using Cheese Whey Wastewater in A Single-chamber Membrane Less Microbial Fuel Cell
Journal of University of Babylon,
Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 138-145
AbstractMicrobial fuel cells (MFCs) are biochemical-catalyzed systems in which electricity is produced by oxidizing biodegradable organic matters in presence of bacteria. Many places suffer from lack of electricity infrastructure or even existence" ,"but in the same area there is wastewater that can be used to generate clean energy". "A batch system single chamber and membrane-less microbial fuel cell is designed with wastewater as inoculum and fuel in the same time(before adding cheese whey) at pH =7±0.4 and an operating temperature of 30 0C ". Wastewater samples are collected from the Al-Delmaj marsh site at an initial chemical oxygen demand concentration of 862 mg/l and pH of 7.8 (reduced to 7±0.4 in all experiments by adding HCL acid). Rectangular sheets of graphite and smooth surface carbon fiber of 42 cm2 surface area used for anode and cathode electrodes. The obtained results indicated that the cell performance for the cell using graphite for anode and cathode electrodes is better than that using the carbon fiber of smooth surface .the obtained open circuit voltage and power per unit surface area (for graphite) were" 190 mV and 5.95 mW/m2 respectively ."Cheese whey as substrate was used to enhance the performance of cell to 439 mV OCV and 121.9mW/m2 maximum power density" .
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