Evaluation of Traffic Accidents Rates in Al-Diwaniya City
Journal of University of Babylon,
Volume 23, Issue 3, Pages 571-578
AbstractAlthough the enhancing of traffic safety is the main concern of the local highways agencies, traffic accidents have been increased rapidly in recent decades mainly due to sharp increase in vehicles using road networks. In order to limit such increase, the causes of accidents should be analyzed properly so as to consider proper solutions. This paper uses real data taken from the local traffic agency in Al-Diwaniya city for the period from 2004 to 2013 to indentify the frequency and causes of traffic accidents.Questionnaire technique has also used in this study to show the percentage of unrecorded accidents. The results showed that the average deaths in the city caused by traffic accidents was found to be 33 deaths per 100000 population which is much higher than the world’s average death rates of 18 deaths per 100000 population. It is found that more than 50% of traffic accidents are related to drivers’ errors while the faults which may happen for vehicles are representing about 24%. About 46% of the recorded accidents are found to be when vehicles are hitting pedestrians while about 32% of accidents are related to vehicle collisions. This suggests that some attention should be given to enhance the pedestrians’ safety. The questionnaire results showed that about 21% of accidents are not recorded within the local traffic agency and 39% of vehicles are involving traffic accidents. Some recommendations are suggested in order to reduce traffic accidents such as the use of median barriers to regulate pedestrians crossing, and the use of intersections channelizing, tunnels and bridges so as to reduce traffic collisions.
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